Canadian Grain Exports
Canada as a top producer of wheat in the world, typically places seventh among major wheat producing countries in yearly comparisons.Across Canada, nearly 52,000 farmers grow wheat on over 22.8 million acres of Canadian land. Although wheat is grown across the country, the majority of the production of Canadian wheat exports takes place in Western Canada.
Canada is also the second largest exporter of wheat in international trade, averaging over 20 million tonnes exported annually. In 2012, this number surpassed 27 million tonnes.Canadian grain exports account for approximately 21% of all wheat exports in the world market. Wheat export revenues in Canada total almost $5.4 billion each year. Some of the major importers of Canadian grain exports are China, Mexico, Japan, Colombia, Iraq, and the United States.
In addition to producing a large quantity of wheat, Canada is also renowned for the quality of its wheat. The Canadian Grain Commission (CGC) established quality standards in the Canada Grain Regulations Section 5. In addition to maintaining quality standards, the CGC records annual crop year data for wheat.
The CGC divided wheat into several unique classes, based on the grains functional characteristics. Growing regions in Canada, Western and Eastern, determine the categorization placed on the classes. Each class possesses a certain set of characteristics and is best suited for specific end uses.
Because of the superior quality of Canadian hard wheat, it is primarily used in the making of pastas and semolina. This hard wheat, also called durum, accounts for nearly half the total of world exports with Algeria and Italy the two largest customers.
Not only is Canada a leader in wheat exports it is now the second largest exporter of barley in the world with an average of 3.8 million tonnes per year capturing 22% of the world’s trade in brewing and feed barley.
Canadian grain exports dominate the market with nearly four million tonnes exported annually, it accounts for 80% of the total exports of canola, and 10% of the total oil seeds exports on the world market. To put these figures in perspective, the second highest exporter of canola, the European Union, only exports just over 300,000 tonnes each year. As demand for canola continue to grow, Canada’s canola industry is soon expected to exceed 12,000 tonnes per day.
Contact Barr Ag to get more information on any or our crops including Alfalfa and Timothy Hays, Mixed Hay, Canadian Grains and Pulse corps.